At COP23, for the first time resilience was high on the agenda under the Presidency of Fiji. There was a resounding message that climate resilience starts with people, within their local contexts and environments. Progress on the global goal on adaptation must capture efforts from the ground up, and attract equal attention as mitigation. We saw an unprecedented level of commitment being made to climate resilience collectively by private, public and community representatives. There was a strong recognition of the urgency to invest across and within sectors, especially in agriculture, forests, oceans, and water in SIDS, in LDCs as well as in other most climate vulnerable countries.
The UN Climate Resilience Initiative A2R - Anticipate, Absorb, Reshape promotes the strengthening of three key capacities for climate resilience: the capacity to anticipate and act on climate hazards through early warning and early action; the capacity to absorb shocks by increasing access to climate risk insurance and social protection; and the capacity to reshape development pathways by transforming economies to reduce risks and root causes of vulnerabilities and support the sound management of physical infrastructure and ecosystems.
This briefing paper presents the key findings of a baseline analysis of progress of these three climate resilience capacities. The analysis reviewed the data available for 114 developing countries and represents one of the first contributions towards a global understanding of the current state of play on climate resilience. The briefing paper also discusses the challenges –both conceptual and data-related –that this type of assessment faces and suggests ways of overcoming them. This paper aims to contribute to the broader discussion on metrics and methodologies for assessing climate resilience.